In their public writings during the debates over whether the Constitution should be ratified, many of the antifederalists urged that a republic could flourish only in homogenous areas of like-minded people.
Even libertarians might like his belief that the government should stop regulating marriage, replacing them with civil unions. In a democracy, by contrast, "the public and the press have no hesitation in observing and criticizing the first evidence of failure once a program has been put into operation.
Groups of people do better if they cultivate diversity, openness, and even dissent.
This provision was understood to permit the President "to repel sudden attacks. Los Angeles Times Book Review Review In this well-written and wise little reprise of the great themes of Rousseau, Mill, and Tocqueville, Sunstein plays sociologist, psychologist, and legal scholar to good effect.
Mill in On Liberty, which is arguably one of the two or three best essays in political philosophy written in the English language, argues that society, not the state, is the great tyrant in that it stifles unpopular opinion and causes people to silently conform to popular belief or conventional wisdom, thus depriving all of the new idea or opinion that might change things to the benefit of all.
Other Supreme Courts, with other justices, might not show similar courage. If all the individuals strongly identify with each other, they tend to suppress their own dissent in order to further group solidarity.
One of their primary social functions is to expose readers and viewers to a range of new topics and dissenting opinions. If all the individuals strongly identify with each other, they tend to suppress their own dissent in order to further group solidarity. There is no one objectively right answer, and it is important that multiple perspectives be considered so that errors do not compound by being unopposed.
In my own life, how do normal decent people decide to silence women, keep their kids out of college, and make their kids dress like Victorians?
A particularly important part of this process involves the right of individual citizens to exit. Attacking "political correctness" in all forms, Sunstein demonstrates that corporations, legislatures, even presidents are likely to blunder if they do not cultivate a culture of candor and disclosure.
He shows that unjustified extremism, including violence and terrorism, often results from failure to tolerate dissenting views. There are two particular reasons that I connected with this research.
I also want to mention a concept that Sunstein pioneered which gets a quick mention in this book, but should be a required concept for all students, in my opinion. Officials cannot regulate speech on the ground that people will be convinced by it.
More people should read it. The study explored the formulation of U.
The conservative response to this idea baffled me. Thus, it is one thing for a group of middle class white people to discuss racial profiling, but it is another altogether to hear an African American friend describe his or her experiences. Dissenters, whether federal jurists or conscientious members of PTAs, are those who resist the pressures to go along at some risk to themselves, Sunstein adds.
This also occurs where the dissenter is identified as an outsider - his view can be safely ignored.Apr 26, · The central theme of Why Societies Need Dissent is that if dissent is suppressed, either by governmental or societal forces, necessary information that prevents errors is never considered.
As a result, societies that fail to value and listen to dissent are more prone to fatal errors than those who encourage a variety of voices. In this timely book, Cass R. Sunstein shows that organizations and nations are far more likely to prosper if they welcome dissent and promote openness.
Attacking "political correctness" in all forms, Sunstein demonstrates that corporations, legislatures, even presidents are likely to blunder if they do not cultivate a culture of candor and disclosure/5. If you need immediate assistance, call SSRNHelp ( ) in the United States, or +1 outside of the United States, AM to.
Why societies need dissent User Review - Not Available - Book Verdict This well-timed book, expanded from the author's Oliver Wendell Holmes lectures at Harvard Law School, argues that healthy societies protect and even foster dissent.
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“ Why Societies Need Dissent shows that demands for lock-step conformity are wrong and uninformed thinking. Sunstein’s important new study is filled with empirical evidence of the significance of opposition, found in his compelling explanations of the need for, and benefits of, disagreement.Download